The Pyramid Sonic Transceiver Technology

September 18, 2021

Ancient Royal Cubit and How a Pyramid Works

(This is a draft of part of the Archaeology chapter, so please excuse incomplete data and any errors)

When studied and looked at from one view of the ancient Egyptian measure, it has so many variants, that it makes you wonder, what was reasoning behind the differences? The main stream Archaeologists never delved into any logic or reason and discounted it as just poor standards that had no relevance to an exact science, while only being a measure of ones arm, hand or finger.

After many years of thought I concluded, that the original pyramids and the many fine stone objects inside were the remnants of the true science of the Kemetians but not fully understood by the Dynastic Egyptians, they seem to have forgotten some parts of the ancient technology, it became a ritual, the remaining shell of its true intentions, it was stylised. In my last volume I elucidated the Royal Cubit as the unit for the measure of the Longitudinal velocity of Light.

This was the start, as we now had a clean beginning with a absolute measure of 900000000 Royal Cubits. As you can see by the diagram, the number of waves are always the same, the type of medium is what causes the measure to change. This methodology can account for the variant sizes, the Illhan sarcophagus measure shows that Ozone was the medium inside the pyramid, as this is the dielectric that will give you the correct Royal Cubit measure for the internals.

The Pyramid complex is a machine that uses stone both as a dielectric in the higher frequencies and as an audio conduit in the mid frequencies through the stone with coupling with the lower Earth frequencies in the cavities filled with a gaseous or liquid medium. The contents of the sarcophagus should be filled with structures that emit frequencies that resonate with the structure , these are materials that could be radiation emitters. Most gem stones are emitters of radiation, with elements like cobalt, boron, uranium, potassium, much of these are in a natural state all around us, these appear as the offerings required to keep the machine running, it was ritualised over time. The atmosphere inside the sarcophagus and the tombs will become ionised, thus changing the permittivity of the gas, also allowing the conductivity to increase, this will drive a differential heat engine, that have audio and plasma acoustics to have two nodes, each will be charged with different polarities , hot = +, cold = -, as per an electrical generator. This now becomes a natural electrical charge accumulator, that drives a cavity shock wave generator that creates a current of electricity. The pyramids cavities reveal a Thermo-Acoustic plasma engine. The mud-brick layer on many Pyramids acted like an energy reservoir and a acoustic baffle, Pyramids acted like motors, generators and accumulators, where some were passive in their functions.

The addition of frequencies inside the sonic wave, due to each material being of different permittivity, permeability, EM refractive index and mass density, impedance to electricity and to the acoustic properties will give you the velocity of energy transfer in, on and through the material. This velocity can be used to dissipate the heat loss through the crystal lattice as you lower the frequency by the impedance, both electrically and with sonics. This will give you a differential of temperature at either extreme interface, thus the sonic created and maintained by heat, can be recoverable back to electricity by a engineered Peltier layer of materials or other means. No moving parts, the initial impulse is an amplified Earth sonic that is always present as 8 hz in the atmosphere and 12 hz in the Earth and its low sub harmonics.

A pyramid is the earth frequency reflector to a focal point, the many rooms and corridors are carefully designed, as a acoustic receiver, in the lower frequencies. The reason they are so big, is that the sound it captures is directed at the correct angle to the acoustic antenna system, where the acoustic channel drive a sound in high resonance and activates the differential heat engine.

The sarcophagus can now be the focal area of transmission or/and reception, as this diagram(next blog) shows the different sound modes inside the sagacious. You can articulate these by frequency adjustment by an acoustic lens and other means inside the box, which is inside the tomb and inside the pyramids sub structure. This type of pyramid is of interest as it is easier to understand, we must walk before we run. Pyramids as functioning machines, is not a common subject in any library, so we will start here.

The scheme of measure used by the engineers of Kemet was Royal Cubits, Standard Cubits, Hands. Palms and Fingers. The use of these divisions of metrology will be clear when you work out the sonic of materials and how they work together. The scheme of layout and cross sectional designs were purely a work of the ancient genius that understood vibrational technology and the natural environment. The machines were built from stone connected to the bedrock and only had the smallest components crafted from metals and dielectrics.

Let us look at a few simple but hidden knowledge of the the measures used by the Kemets.

Longitudinal Velocity of Light( light x pi/2) =9000000000 Royal Cubits per Second

470912789.827213 / 9000000000 = 0.523236546474681 meters

This will give you the Length of a Royal Cubit = 1 Royal Cubit

1 Palm = Royal Cubit / 7 = 4 F = 0.0747480780678116 mtrs

1 Hand = Royal Cubit / 5.6 = 5 F = 0.0934350975847645 mtrs

1 Finger = Royal Cubit / 28 = 0.0186870195169529 mtrs

__________________________________________________________

Using C = 299301329.866211 ms as Light Velocity(per Illhan)

The velocity of Sound in Air (344 m/s velocity at 22 deg C)

344.40553733326 / 0.0748707073333 =4600 Palms per second

___________________________________________________________

Using C = 299792458 ms as Light Velocity

The velocity of Sound in Air (343.843 m/s velocity at 21.075 deg C)

343.84342857142 / 0.0747485714285 =4600 Palms per second

The velocity of Sound in the Bedrock (5989.6586 m/s velocity)(Illhan)

5989.658666666 / 0.0748707073333 =80000 Palms per second

____________________________________________________________

The Wavelength of Hydrogen (EMF from the Universe= 1420405751.768 hz)

Meters = 0.211061140538923

Royal Cubit used = 0.527652851347307

Velocity profile of RC used = 297283280.062913 mtrs/sec

Royal Cubit/ 2.5 = 0.4 RC = 0.211061140538923 mtrs

2.8 Palms = 2 Hands = 11.2 Fingers = 1 Elbow to Wrist

_____________________________________________________________

The Density of a Stone used in a design

2452.02927295 = Mass / Volume = Kilogram/Mtr3

1/1.715 CF = 0.58309038 = Volume of 1 Qedet in Cubic Fingers

1.715 Qedets = 1 Cubic Fingers x Density

1 / (1/1.715) = 1.715 = Density in Q/CF

49320584224.971 = Modulus Of the stone in SI units

______________________________________________________________

The Modulus in Qedets and Palms per second

600000 PS = 4484.8846840687 mtrs per sec Velocity of Stone

1.715 x 600000^2 = Density x Velocity^2 in Qedets and Palms per sec

6174000000 QPS2 = 6174000000 / 9000000 = 686 M *

So we have the velocity, density, mass, volume and modulus of the stone that we need to use to build or to transmit and receive vibrations. We can use geometry to adjust all the parameters to create acoustic lenses or direct the vibrations to a focus point for interpretation using some form of acoustic technology.

1 Palm = 0.074748078068 mtrs

1 Cubic Finger = 0.0000065255950149 cubic mtrs

1 Qedet = 0.00933 kg (Flinders Petrie)

Density = Mass / Volume

Mass = Density x Volume

Volume = Mass / Density

How I derived some of these values, it will be easier to understand as I show you the data I have accumulated by the study of all the pyramids.

So how do we start to form a communication channels and power generation from geometry, stone, acoustics, plasma and resonant heat channels. We must start with the geometric means, where the stone amplifiers with stone antennas must be built into the bedrock, where sonic vibrations can activate.

There are a few equations that will help in this design process, let us inspect the communication between two pyramids. I discovered the the distance between Senurset II (sewaset)and Giza to be is exactly 160000 royal cubits. This was one of the clues that has led me to this clear knowledge.

Distance = 160000 Royal Cubits = 1120000 Palms

Velocity of Sound in Bedrock = 80000 Palms per second

Time =D / v = 112000/80000 = 14 seconds

Frequency = 1/ time = F = 0.0714285714 hz = D (A= 438.36184192 hz)

Lowest Piano D = F *1024 = 73.142857138 Hz

The wave length inside the tomb = 4 Royal Cubits = 28 palms

So it looks like we could use octaves of “D” to make a communication channel between Senurset II and Giza.

Test case #1

Velocity profile of Limestone 0% porosity = 6813.236733 mtrs per sec

As Royal cubits = 13000 RC per sec

Velocity profile of Limestone 10% porosity = 5109.92755 mtrs per sec

As Royal cubits = 9750 RC per sec

Velocity profile of Limestone 20% porosity = 4087.94204 mtrs per sec

As Royal Cubits = 7800 RC per sec

Velocity profile of Limestone 30% porosity = 3406.61836 mtrs per sec

As Royal Cubits = 6500 RC per sec

In a Test Case above we have 4 different Velocity profiles, this seems innocuous, until you compare it to the 0% porosity, here are the figures:

13000/13000 = 1 = 0 % porosity

13000/9750 = 1 1/3 = 10 % porosity

13000/7800 = 1 2/3 = 20 % porosity

13000/6500 = 2 = 30 % porosity

These are musical and concordant frequencies. When the whole gamut of limestone, red granite and many other stones are put into the correct context, lined up with density, velocity, modulus, porosity, dielectric, permeability and impedance are factored and aligned to resonances with harmonic content, you will not see the true nature of the Pyramids.

This understanding is clear that their intentions was to resonate stone and air, creating communications and energy transfer, this is of a past technology that lay hidden in the Kemetian engineering. When you look at the all the concordant data you will see the science of ancient Egypt, they had a science not just a geomatra of holy numbers , worship of idols and Gods.

The Dynastic Egyptians had lost much of the ancient knowledge after the flood destroyed most of the Ancient world, many of the machines stopped functioning, maybe Giza was still running, it was after all the main trigger for all network of ground longitudinal waves, both electrical and acoustic between all the pyramids. The survivors may have had some technology left, but the link to the priests of that knowledge were gone, they developed a philosophy aligned to the downward spiral of mankind, just as the Yuga cycle was nearing it nadir, all the knowledge to read the language vanished. The Egyptians called it the underworld, the lost dark chasms of mankind, where memory of our past gets destroyed, misaligned and lost.

Measure and Metrology

We need to try and recover what was lost in the engineering of the pyramids, by means of the actual objects and structures left behind. Much of what I have looked at was already found by Petries and he did a wonderful job of recording his findings. I will list my own interpretations along side the what has been found and measured. I will start with the Royal Cubit, as the standard, it this seems to be the most scientifically defined unit that I have been able to decipher, in all of Egypt. Do not forget that this is the unperturbed unit, not the regular measure as noted by my earlier iterations regarding the dielectric as the change in length. So here are the first list to define the length to meters, so we can relate it to modern understanding.

Royal Cubit = 0.5232365464746810 m = RC = 28 F = 2 LS, 4 LT, 7 P

Standard Cubit = 0.4484884684068700 m = SC = 24 F = 2 SS, 4 FT, 6 P

Remen = 0.3737403903390580 m = R = 20 F = 2 LH, 4 H, 5 P

Djoser = 0.2989923122712460 m = D = 16 F = 4 P

Large Span = 0.2616182732373410 m = LS = 14 F = 2 LT

Small Span = 0.2242442342034350 m = SS = 12 F = 2 FT, 3 P

Long Hand * = 0.1868701951695290 m = LH * = 10 F = 2 H

Short Hand * = 0.1681831756525760 m = SH * = 9 F

Little Finger Hand * = 0.1494961561356230 m = LF * = 8 F

Long Thumb * = 0.1308091366186700 m = LT * = 7 F

Fist = 0.1121221171017170 m = FT = 6 F

Hand = 0.0934350975847645 m = H = 5 F

Palm = 0.0747480780678116 m = P = 4 F

Thumb * = 0.0560610585508587 m = T * = 3 F

Finger = 0.0186870195169529 m = F = 1 F

Finger Nail = 0.0011679387198096 m = FN * = 1/16 F

* New Names and Lengths based on conjecture.

So the base length by historic discovery is the Finger, this makes the building of a Metrology system easier. Here are the divisions of lengths according to written and measured discovery, with a few added “ * ” to indicate new sizes. The requirements of building is the volume standard, then the mass and the density considerations. This list is based on 1 Cubic Finger as the smallest usable unit.

1 Cubic Royal Cubit CRC = 21952 CF = 8 CLS, 64 CLT, 343 CP

1 Cubic Standard Cubic CSC = 13824 CF = 8 CSS, 64 CLT, 216 CP, 4608 CT

1 Cubic Remen CR = 8000 CF = 8 CLH, 64 CH, 125 CP

1 Cubic Djoser CD = 4096 CF = 8 CLF, 64 CP

1 Cubic Large Span CLS = 2744 CLF = 8 CLT

1 Cubic Small Span CSS = 1728 CF = 8 CF, 64 CT

1 Cubic Long Hand CLH = 1000 CF = 8 CH

1 Cubic Short Hand CSH = 729 CF = 27 CT

1 Cubic Little Finger Hand CLF = 512 CF = 8 CP

1 Cubic Long Thumb CLT = 343 CF = 1404928 CFN

1 Cubic Fist CFT = 216 CF = 8 CT , 884736 CFN

1 Cubic Hand CH = 125 CF = 512000 CFN

1 Cubic Palm CP = 64 CF = 262144 CFN

1 Cubic Thumb CT = 27 CF = 110592 CFN

1 Cubic Finger CF = 1 CF = 4096 CFN

1 Cubic Finger Nail CFN = 1/4096 CF

Now that we have established a system based of 16 different unit measures, we must now move to weights, mass and density to complete our approach to the transmission and building process.

These volumetrics are already useful in liquid measurement, such as the equivalent in litres or gallons. This will not enough to create a technology, the Density of the materials plays a major role, this can be done with a set of scales and a ruler.

The Qedet is a weight that was used in much of ancient Egypt, this was a found by Petrie to be about 9.33 grams, a size of it was also noted. I simplified the size and cubed the sides to arrive at 1.715 Qedets = 1 Cubic Finger with a Density of about 2452.03 which can be found by making a standard that it can be checked against. Other densities can be found by comparing volumes against the mass using a scale.

Now that we have some clue on how to proceed, I have found many interesting unit values that pop out when crossing over to the ancient units.

Here is a quad set of figures that show some very musical values, when you add a suitable length to create the required fundamental tone in the material.

In Ancient units:

Name – Material – Density – Velocity – Modulus

Set – Stone – Q/CF – P per sec -Den x Vel^2/9000000

Set A – Sand – 1 – 30000 -100

Set B – Granite -1 143/200 – 57000 – 686

Set C – Dolerite – 2 – 60000 – 722

Set D – Basalt – 2 34/343 – 80000 – 1492 244/343

_________________________________________________________

Now in SI units:

Name – Material – Density – Velocity – Modulus

Set – Stone -Kg/m3 – mtr per sec – Den x Vel^2

Set A – Sands -1429.754678 – 2242.442 – 7189589537.171

Set B – Granite – 2452.03 – 4484.884 – 49320584224.971

Set C – Dolomite – 2859.509 – 4260.64 – 51908836458.377

Set D – Basalt – 3001.2343 – 5979.846 – 107319820496.616

As you can see the ancient units are much more unified and much easier to remember and calculate with.

The rest of the unfinished chapter will include the acoustic map of all the pyramid sonic fields, with frequencies and the inclusion of some of the devices inside the sarcophagus and sonic translator devices. I had to reinvent all the parts from some of the artefacts I have seen in the museums. I will add some schematics of these machines in the next blog, if all goes well I will be able to test these in a small scale, if resources are available. Regards Arto

William Skinner and his Gravity Device

June 15, 2021

Hi fellow researchers, this is just a small compilation of designs from my next volume about William F. Skinner and his Gravity assisted torque amplifier. I hope you find it illuminating, regards Arto.

The last drawing before I stopped investigating.

Narmer Palette The Other Side

June 14, 2021

Back in 2008 I was studying many types of ancient artefacts and the relevance to star charts that do not appear on the walls or objects from ancient Egypt and was intrigued to find very little to say the least. After much research I later wrote an article “The Hidden Star Charts of the Ancients”, where I found the Narmer palette and some Sumerian seals had hidden star maps within the graphic design, I included it in my last Volume but left out the other side of the Narmer palette.

Here is the file that I didn’t include, I have also included a simple composite of the first side as well, which I had elucidated with much more details in my first volume. The details included the pictorial relevance to actual stars, galaxies and nebulae as they visually appear by modern powerful telescopes, an amazing revelation of this work. Regards Arto.

Below is the original side I studied.

Below is the Other Side.

If you want to read my original documents from 2011, Scribed has a copy you can down load, I have updated in 2013, here is the earlier version here:

A Test Case for the Trinary Gate

June 5, 2021

Rather than try to instigate the trinary action directly from the positive, neutral and negative charges, I have simplified it by setting the switches using only the positive rail and neutral before I have set the Unary Gates, using a ADG5236 Analog switch chip. This is only a testing measure to get all the gates ready for integration into combinatory sets like Tand and Tnor. You can say combinatory only in Ternary because each two input gate is made up of three Unary gates from a pool of 27, while each Unary gates is made up of three switched sets, sometimes as two pairs of DPDT while one is redundant, due to the lack of physical trinary switches available on the market.

I have tried not to compromise on either side of the switched in/out design, still we need to move these ideas forward so we can find interesting and valuable Ternary circuits that can accomplish much and more of what its little Binary brother has done in the last 80 years. The use of CMOS, PMOS, NMOS have been used successfully by many inventors to create Trinary circuits but have never been popularised due to the logical tangle of the unknown element “0”. This by philosophical terms is the “unknown”, “undefined” or “undecided” element, as binary has either Yes or No to which there is an easy determinate path to follow, no questions about a vague unknown.

This dilemma of the neutral place where indecision is its home, is merely an illusion that has been created by a physiological inability of our mind to see it any other way. I offer a simpler approach where S. C. Kleene, Post, Lukasiewicz and others has written much on the mathematics and semantics of this, where as I see it as a natural condition of our physical universe. The Earth is the simple model I follow, where the positive charges are above us and the negative charges are below us, while we stand on the neutral ground. This simple model also works for water and any other boundary situation where “0” is now the path of all connections made by its very nature, a skin if you like. (as above a mirror as it is below). Indecision is not unknown, it can be weighed just as gravity can be defined by units being weighed, a heavy object as opposed to a light one.

Much has been written about mathematics of ternary and it has its advantages over binary for sure, here is some simple arithmetic. Again I follow my simple model:

There is a simple and enduring beauty using trinary logistics, you never end up in a lock up situation, due to the neutral line where it can always carry its logic to a complete solution. The binary has the problem of only having a “true” and “false” narrative, where that is not how nature works at all.

The early Atomic physicists had to resort to phantoms of matter such as “Electrons”, “Neutrons” and “Protons”, these are mere conventions of usage not a reality of our universe. They used these mnemonic devices to solve abstractions they did not fully comprehend. Charge is all we really know, sadly the Ether was incorrectly dismissed in the 20th Century as the carrier of all the physical universe, not so, as we should simply state that charge is one of the different conditions of the Ether. This also makes the Ether as a neutral state, thus making it the default condition of everything that is not moving, or charged in any way, while Gravity is the Pressure of the Ether on all Mass.

Once Trinary thought is used in all circumstances, War, Famine, Invention and Mans ailing conditions will improve beyond mere Utopian dreams. False narratives and political agendas will be nothing but illusions we will all see through and will serve no purpose in our pursuit of our quality of life and living. The Us and Them syndrome are but Marxist drivel used to divide our sensibilities against the true knowledge of our existence.

Trinary thinking no longer separates us into “Right” and “Wrong”, “True” and False”, “Yes” and “No” but introduces gradations of wisdom and experience. I ask is it wrong that a bird can walk while it is only known to fly in the minds of many. Is the colour of the sky Blue when we see it as Red, Orange and Yellow at other times. Binary thinking divides our perceptions along a boundary, this boundary is the “Undecided” or Neutral line which we will now understand in Trinary thought, as the connector of everything. In electrical engineering it has always been called “Earth”, “Common” or “Neutral”.

Art precedes science just as culture precedes politics, this is why “reductio ad absurdum” of modern philosophy is a regressive step with the binary decision trees built from notions of “Left” and “Right” factions are nonsense and are a danger to our own survival. The Quantum arguments currently exploited by “Modern Science” are but Binary semantics made into a religion, called “Scientism”. The rulers of our lives only require serfs not thinking individuals, who have, graduations of thought and experience where true diversity only exists when we are allowed to think freely.

Addition of Trinary

+ add + = +-

which is

1 + 1 = 2

+- add +- = ++

which is

2 + 2 = 4

so if “-” = -1

then

– add – = -+

which is

-1 + -1 = -2

Try

-1 + 1 = 0 or 1 – 1 = 0

which is

– add + = 0

So a balanced ternary system is similar to the way we use electrical charge as well.

Here are the diagrams from my work, it will be included in my next volume “Talking To The Birds, Volume II”, coming soon, regards Arto.

TAND Gate

May 9, 2021

The last two post were my personal dialog with Trinary procedures so I can start to create complex decision trees that can act in a intelligent and logical way. These are the beginnings into a natural engineered form of intelligence, I dare not say AI as these ideas are not artificial, they are natural only non living.

I went back to some of my work with the DG series of chips so I could make an interface board for the Led Matrix. I could design it with relays but decided that it would be great to see other options for Trinary design. Once mastered, an ALU would be the first step, maybe with many extra functions that binary ALU’s struggle to implement. I hope to add a Trinary version of Quantum Arithmetic built from these gates. (Not Quantum Mechanics)

The first hurdle to climb is to test the DG403.

The next is to define the Trinary gates required.

Then create a schematic and a PCB board

Here is the DG403 version of an TAND gate

****Warning**** everything here has not been tested, so I apologise for any errors.

I hope you enjoy my adventure, it has been a long, quite, happy and while being a lonely journey, it is never boring, excitement for the future is beyond any reward, regards Arto.

27 Unary Functions for Trinary Gates

May 6, 2021

After the last post I realised that I have not shown the 27 basic gates, here they are. As I said there are no off the shelf parts, this is not quite true, you can use analogue switches in a multiplexer to achieve the same results, more on that in my next volume. Regards Arto.

The 2 to 9 Decoder

May 4, 2021

The 2 to 9 Decoder

by Arto Juhani Heino (c) 2021

The completion of the trinary understanding in relays has been very rewarding, this is my first attempt at a trinary decoder chip version of the 3-8 decider 74138, where a 2-9 decoder TD2-9 is a trinary designed device that would also do the job. It could be fabricated with FETs and miniaturised so it fits onto existing chip boards.

As I see this as my first step into making useful and efficient circuitry based on trinary inputs and easily adapted to the standards in current use. I see great promise in adapting trinary systems to current binary as a step into integration. These ideas are adaptable and flexible to be used in some AI systems. even now.

The long dreamed idea of a trinary system was to advance understanding of natures logic and repair the mistakes made in the service of short gain which is full of hubris and greed. Current digital systems can be 256 wide, but not in most cases they run 64bit and 32bit subsystems even some 16 and 8 bit are in the mix, is all due to the through put required by graphic chips to reduce time lags and memory bottle necks with all that constraint issues.

These behemoth super computer systems are complex to design and control. let us look some maths.

Binary Trinary

0………+ 0 –
2 bit…….3 trit
4 bit…….9 trit
8 bit…….27 trit
16 bit…..81 trit
32 bit…..243 trit at this point we have reached beyond our current systems
64 bit…..729 trit
128 bit…2187 trit
256 bit…6561 trit
512 bit…19683 trit As you can see that 64bit computing is the norm at present and moving into 128bit at lighting pace. Where we could have reached 729 trit in the same time frame. imagine the 64bit super cellphone you hold in your hand would have been the norm in 1980’s. This is the amount of development retardation we were forced to endure due to short sightedness and unripe understanding of all the future issues at hand. This simple list shows one aspect, here the binary decoder version

Binary inputs and Binary outputs
1_______________2
2_______________4……74139
3_______________8……74138……4028
4_______________16….74154
5_______________32
6_______________64

So a 3 to 8 decoder has the trinary equivent of the 2 to 9 decoder, if we ueed 3 inputs we would arrive at 27 outputs, the advantages are simple.

Trinary Inputs and Trinary outputs
Trinary Inputs and Binary outputs
Binary Inputs and Binary outputs
Binary Inputs and Trinary outputs
1___3……..TD1-3
2___9……..TD2-9 can also act like two of 4 bit dual level logic (2 Only gates make a Sure gate)
3___27……TD3-27
4___81……TD4-81
5___243….TD5-243
6___729….TD6-729

There are no off the shelf trinary chips to build useful devices from these decoders as yet.At this present form(very large relays) you could apply these trinary systems to AI of the grid system, where self regulation with the enviroment is required and not optional. As you are dealing with an Earth that has all three parts of the trinary logic, the Sky, the surface and Inner Earth, as ” + 0 – “. I have extended the understanding here to illustrate our well of energy we walk upon.

This diagram illustrates the relay design of the three different trinary gates you need here. You can make the relays a small or big as you need . Everything here is simple and easily built on you electronic bench, please feel free to use these gates in a project.

INC and DEC gates and a TAND gate

As now I have decided upon my choice of trinary AND gates, which there are a few, the TAND gates now lives amongst my circuit ideas. More decoders and encoder to be illustrated very soon.

TD2-9 Trinary Decoder

Here is the place this circuit will live, 2 of these to drive the 16 pin 8 x 8 led matrix (ADM-388C0). How simple is that, 4 trinary trits control 81 LED locations, 64 for the Matrix and 17 for other things.Regards Arto.

The Trinary Explorer Board

Tesla Coil 336366 – Part 2

April 8, 2021

I forgot to add this vital understanding of volume and surface area regarding Tesla coils.

First you must realise that Tesla placed a high premium on getting the resonant factors correct. That any amount of electricity has a definite number (be coulombs or esu or ?) and must be included in the overall design structure. When the resonant action has been instigated there is a transference of magnetic to electrostatic potentials and visa versa, this must be balanced and carefully considered. The impedance matching is of vital importance to this action but a secondary balance is the volumes and areas of each set of coils.

The exact parameters can be calculated and you can see by Tesla’s work in Colorado Springs, he realised that a short cylindrical coil can be better utilised than a long coil and a flat spiral is much more compact than any cylinder can be. These studies had revealed to Tesla a beautiful geometric design that cannot be improved any further, a very compact and portable unit that awaits a audience that has chosen to ignore his proclamations. Below is the coil I am talking about.

I have drawn up such a coil system, approx 400mm x 400mm x 200mm unit (approx), it unfolds and plugs into a power source (Tesla AC) and hopefully communicates to a clone at a preset short distance with losses. Not only voice/data but Energy as well (100 watts or so). The frequency was always too high to be of use in power transfer as the losses increased with the frequency.

Below are listed only my estimates by reading much data and personal experience.

System…………………………………….Waste.to.radiation………Power.Delivery

Tesla system (no compromise).1 to 5…………………………..95 to 99

Radio system…………………………….99.9 to 100 0………………1 to 0.00001

High freq Tesla Flat……………………40……………………………….60

High freq Tesla Cyl……………………..60………………………………40

Low freq Tesla Flat…………………….15……………………………….85

Low freq Tesla Cyl……………………..30……………………………….70

So why did I design 336366 coil system using a traditional long cylinder? Simple, convenience and to prove to myself that the longitudinal velocity is the KEY to instant communication as Tesla suggested. Efficiency was not always the driving factor but the ease of material supply and a personal demand for longer wave lengths in a simple setup. The flat coil size became problematic in many ways, still I will go down that road again.

Coil…………………………………………………………..Volume and Area

Volume of Secondary………………………………0.0004 Cubic Mtrs

Surface Area of Secondary………………………0.796 Sqr Mtrs

MAX Volume of Primary…………………………..0.00068 Cubic Mtrs

MIN Volume of Primary……………………………0.000016 Cubic Mtrs

MAX Surface Area of Primary…………………..0.424 Sqr Mtrs

MIN Surface Area of Primary……………………0.01 Sqr Mtrs

Primary Volume at the design size…………..0.00045 Cubic Mtrs

Primary Surface Area at the design size…..0.285 Cubic Mtrs

What Turn…………………………………………………..14

What Area Secondary to Primary Equiv……..0.78 Sqr Mtrs

What Turn (beyond this design)…………………26

What Volume Secondary to Primary Equiv…0.0004 Cubic Mtrs

What Turn (very close )…………………………….13

I want to follow up with the real McCoy, in the not too distance future, regards Arto.

Tesla Coil 336366

March 26, 2021

As this is part of my chapter on Tesla Coils, I might as well fill you in. I had recently caught a stomach virus, not pleasant, it also gave me an ulcer. So while I was recovering, I decided try to finish one of my Tesla Coil designs.

I have been tentatively working on this Tesla Coil project for a few years(8 lol), specifically for Transmitting and Receiving, using 700 mtrs as a distance that needs to be crossed or a multiple of this, 1400, 2100, 2800 etc.

I figured that building from standard parts with a simple STL 3D prints with an accurate dimensional scheme we should get frequency matching accuracy due to the uniformity of the build.

Here is a TXT file, which is a couple of SCAD programs, that I have been translating my Tesla Coil Data to make a jig I can 3D print and put the main components of the Tesla Coil into a simple assemblage with some 3D parts.

1 x 1000mm of 110 tube
1 x 150/110 base connector
1 x 350 + mtrs of AWG 21 wire
1 x 16 mtrs of 1/4 copper tube
1 x 3Dcoil BaseL STL
1 x 3Dcoil BaseR STL
2 x 3Dcoil Base/edge Connector STL
1 x 100mm ball (Al, Cu) or (STL + Al foil)
1 x 4 point Switch Configuration Adapter STL
1 x 240v/15000v 60 ma Transformer
1 x Rotary Spark Gap 8″ dim + 12 protrusions at 400 RPM, makes 80 BPS
1 x Safety anti kick back system (protecting Mains & transformer)

Inductance of the Primary Coil will be from-
0.376 uH to 150.25 uH
I tap mine at 14.17386 turns which gives me
67.846873 uH
Capacitance for Primary Coil:
0.0033 uF
Voltage across Cap (max 30000):
21210 volts
Secondary DC resistance:

14.6647 Ohms

I chose:

Frequency = 336366.3513 hz
110 mm tube x 800 mm length of winding of secondary coil = 350 mtrs
The wave Length of The Longitudinal wave is different to EM wave
if
WL = V1 / ( Lw x 4 ) = 1400 mtrs
or
WL = V2 / F1 = 1400 mtrs

Consider an explosion, the shock wave is the longitudinal wave and the matter with splintered bits and fire is the transverse wave. Electricity has the same properties.

I use these formulae:

Ls = Secondary Coil Inductance
Lt = Secondary Coil Stray inductances + added adapter unit
Lst = Total inductance of Secondary Coil
Cs = Secondary Capacitance of Coil
Ct = Top Capacitance + stray Caps
Cst = Total Capacitance of Secondary Coil

Lp = Primary Coil Inductance
Lq = Primary Coil Stray inductances
Lpq = Total Inductance of Primary Coil
Cp = Primary Capacitance
Cq = Stray Capacitances of coil + adjuster
Cpq = Total Capacitance for the Primary coil

V1 = Electro Magnetic (Transverse Magnetic) Light Velocity (lagging)
V1 = 299792456
V1 = (Lw / 0.52324)^3 approx
V2 = Magneto Electric (Longitudinal Electrostatic) Velocity (leading)
V2 = V1 x pi / 2
V2 = 470912891.8272
V2 = 900000000 x 1 royal cubit (0.52324 mtrs)

  • note the different phase relationships between Voltage(electrostatics) and Amperage(magnetics) when you consider Power.
  • The Electrostatic Velocity leads Electromagnetism by pi/2. The only reason resonance occurs is the exchange from inner volume electro-magnetics running at Light velocity to outer surface electrostatics running at pi/2 times this, which is still proportional to the same amount of Energy. But the velocity is out by pi/2, allowing the circuit to breath.

E = 1/2 x (Cpq x Vp^2) = 0.5 x (0.00330 uF x 0.000001) x (21210 volts)^2
E = 1/2 x (Lpq x Ip^2) = 0.5 x (67.8468 uH x 0.000001) x (147.917 amps)^2
E = 1/2 x (Cst x Vs^2) = 0.5 x (15.5688 pf x 0.00000000001) x (308785 volts)^2
E = 1/2 x (Lst x Is^2) = 0.5 x (0.01438 H) x (10.16 Amps)^2
E = 0,74222 Joules
E = W * t

WL = Wave Length
Lw = Wire Length (I use 350 mtrs)

F1 = 1 / ( 2 x pi x sqrt( Lst x Cst )
F2 = 1 / ( 2 x pi x sqrt( Lpq x Cpq )
F3 = V2 / WL
F4 = (V1 / ( Lw x 4 )) x pi / 2
F5 = (V1 / WL ) x pi / 2
F6 = V2 / ( Lw x 4 )

WL = V2 / F1
V2 = V1 x pi / 2

Lst = Ls + Lt
Cst = Cs + Ct
Lpq = Lp + Lq
Cpq = Cp + Cq

These are the requirements

F1 = F2 = F3 = F4 = F5 = F6
and
WL = Lw x 4
and
Lst x Cst = Lpq x Cpq

Primary Coil Parametrics

Inductance per turn:
1 = 0.370488 uH
2 = 1.363580
3 = 2.918217
4 = 5.038095
5 = 7.750477
6 = 11.092889
7 = 15.107919
8 = 19.840884
9 = 25.338680
10 = 31.649171
11 = 38.820833
12` = 46.902557
13 = 55.943511
14 = 65.993060 14.17386 = 67.846855 uH
15 = 77.100714
16 = 89.316083
17 = 102.688860
18 = 117.268792
19 = 133.105676
20 = 150.249344

Q = XL / R
Q = 30000 / 15
My calculations show a secondary maximum Q of about 2000
Across my cap about 20000 volts
Q x V = 40,000,000 volts

Diagrams

The way I envisaged to switch over the 2 base Tesla designs was to just plug a unit into the side of the Tesla Coil Structure and it would be a matter of pulling a lever of setting a key switch to run in either mode.

I incorporated the Capacitance cavities so you could add more later, as you see by the ports P8 and P6 are their for that reason. P2 and P4 are there if you need to reduce your inductance by any degree by paralleling another wound inductor on a metal former. These ports allow you to experiment and modify as needed.

The main point of the Adaper unit was to make it as simple as plugging your HV-Transformer and Spark Gap into a simple 1/4″ set of bolts. Follow the instructions and all will work as planned.

I have drawn three different schematics, so you can see the simple logic I used for expansion into the real world by geometric means. The design of the two triangles was so the inductance is reduced by it opposing parallels.

My Thoughts

This is only theoretical but clearly plausible if air break down is not an issue while only on on minimum idle, the loaded system when doing work will reduce safely to about 300,000 volts and less.

Next Stage

The next part of the project will be setting up a transceiver system that can exchange energy between two points 700 mtrs apart, also at 700 times the number of wave lengths, losses must be calculated by trial and error. I am guessing safely over rough terrain about 4.9 km with acceptable losses (note – grid harmonics).

Speculation

When needed, you can relay a transmission to further distances if the original signal degrades too far. You could possibly relay the Energy in Solar collectors that runs the Tesla coil and transmit it around the world, as the Earth spins, as the other relays they will start up the energy cycle again, then relay it to the next one. A continuous energy loop that is harnessing the Sun 24 hours a day. No wires, you would need 360 of these at 1 degree intervals, which is about 111 kms apart. This distance is no issue to a large well made Tesla Transmitter.

I hope you enjoy reading about this project I am still working on, regards Arto.

By the way here is the SCAD files, incomplete as yet, I will add it HERE later.

Tesla Coil Energy

January 9, 2021

Just a simple calculation of what sort of energy is in a resonant coil:

Here are the basic parameters:

R = 0.424 ohms (Wire)
L = 0.0934 henry (Coil)
C = 1466 pF (Capacitor)
V = 58 volts RMS

The resonant frequency
F = 1/(2xpixsqr(LxC)) = 43 Khz

The maximum amperage peak
I = Vs/R = 136.66 amps max

The root mean squared amperage
Irms = I / sqrt(2) = 96.638 amps RMS

The VA generator apparent power input required
VA = V x Irms = 5605 watts VA Rms

The inductive reactance
XL= 2xpixLxF = 2524.53 ohms

The capacitive reactance
XC= 1/(2xpixCxF) = 2524.53 ohms

The Quality of the Coil
Q = XL / R = 5948.65

The Voltage magnification of the coil
VL= XLxI = Q x V = 345022 volts RMS

The potential rise inside the Capacitor
VC= XCxI = 345022 volts RMS

Energy circulating in the Coil and the Capacitor
WL=1/2 x L x Irms^2 = 174.5 joules max
WC=1/2 x C x VC^2 = 174.5 joules max

The Resonant Condition
XL = XC
VL = VC
WL = WC

As you can see all the energy is continuously oscillating between the coil and the capacitor, or between the magnetic component of electricity and the electrostatic component of electricity. This energy can be expressed as watts and horse power as Tesla has done in his many articles, thus describing the massive movement of energy per second, allowing the reader to sense that it is a very powerful oscillator.

time = 1/frequency = 0.000023254 seconds

Watts = joules / time

Watts = 174.5 / 0.000023254

Watts = 7504699 watts

Horse Power = 7504699 / 745.697 = 10064 HP