William Skinner and his Gravity Device

June 15, 2021

Hi fellow researchers, this is just a small compilation of designs from my next volume about William F. Skinner and his Gravity assisted torque amplifier. I hope you find it illuminating, regards Arto.

The last drawing before I stopped investigating.

Narmer Palette The Other Side

June 14, 2021

Back in 2008 I was studying many types of ancient artefacts and the relevance to star charts that do not appear on the walls or objects from ancient Egypt and was intrigued to find very little to say the least. After much research I later wrote an article “The Hidden Star Charts of the Ancients”, where I found the Narmer palette and some Sumerian seals had hidden star maps within the graphic design, I included it in my last Volume but left out the other side of the Narmer palette.

Here is the file that I didn’t include, I have also included a simple composite of the first side as well, which I had elucidated with much more details in my first volume. The details included the pictorial relevance to actual stars, galaxies and nebulae as they visually appear by modern powerful telescopes, an amazing revelation of this work. Regards Arto.

Below is the original side I studied.

Below is the Other Side.

A Test Case for the Trinary Gate

June 5, 2021

Rather than try to instigate the trinary action directly from the positive, neutral and negative charges, I have simplified it by setting the switches using only the positive rail and neutral before I have set the Unary Gates, using a ADG5236 Analog switch chip. This is only a testing measure to get all the gates ready for integration into combinatory sets like Tand and Tnor. You can say combinatory only in Ternary because each two input gate is made up of three Unary gates from a pool of 27, while each Unary gates is made up of three switched sets, sometimes as two pairs of DPDT while one is redundant, due to the lack of physical trinary switches available on the market.

I have tried not to compromise on either side of the switched in/out design, still we need to move these ideas forward so we can find interesting and valuable Ternary circuits that can accomplish much and more of what its little Binary brother has done in the last 80 years. The use of CMOS, PMOS, NMOS have been used successfully by many inventors to create Trinary circuits but have never been popularised due to the logical tangle of the unknown element “0”. This by philosophical terms is the “unknown”, “undefined” or “undecided” element, as binary has either Yes or No to which there is an easy determinate path to follow, no questions about a vague unknown.

This dilemma of the neutral place where indecision is its home, is merely an illusion that has been created by a physiological inability of our mind to see it any other way. I offer a simpler approach where S. C. Kleene, Post, Lukasiewicz and others has written much on the mathematics and semantics of this, where as I see it as a natural condition of our physical universe. The Earth is the simple model I follow, where the positive charges are above us and the negative charges are below us, while we stand on the neutral ground. This simple model also works for water and any other boundary situation where “0” is now the path of all connections made by its very nature, a skin if you like. (as above a mirror as it is below). Indecision is not unknown, it can be weighed just as gravity can be defined by units being weighed, a heavy object as opposed to a light one.

Much has been written about mathematics of ternary and it has its advantages over binary for sure, here is some simple arithmetic. Again I follow my simple model:

There is a simple and enduring beauty using trinary logistics, you never end up in a lock up situation, due to the neutral line where it can always carry its logic to a complete solution. The binary has the problem of only having a “true” and “false” narrative, where that is not how nature works at all.

The early Atomic physicists had to resort to phantoms of matter such as “Electrons”, “Neutrons” and “Protons”, these are mere conventions of usage not a reality of our universe. They used these mnemonic devices to solve abstractions they did not fully comprehend. Charge is all we really know, sadly the Ether was incorrectly dismissed in the 20th Century as the carrier of all the physical universe, not so, as we should simply state that charge is one of the different conditions of the Ether. This also makes the Ether as a neutral state, thus making it the default condition of everything that is not moving, or charged in any way, while Gravity is the Pressure of the Ether on all Mass.

Once Trinary thought is used in all circumstances, War, Famine, Invention and Mans ailing conditions will improve beyond mere Utopian dreams. False narratives and political agendas will be nothing but illusions we will all see through and will serve no purpose in our pursuit of our quality of life and living. The Us and Them syndrome are but Marxist drivel used to divide our sensibilities against the true knowledge of our existence.

Trinary thinking no longer separates us into “Right” and “Wrong”, “True” and False”, “Yes” and “No” but introduces gradations of wisdom and experience. I ask is it wrong that a bird can walk while it is only known to fly in the minds of many. Is the colour of the sky Blue when we see it as Red, Orange and Yellow at other times. Binary thinking divides our perceptions along a boundary, this boundary is the “Undecided” or Neutral line which we will now understand in Trinary thought, as the connector of everything. In electrical engineering it has always been called “Earth”, “Common” or “Neutral”.

Art precedes science just as culture precedes politics, this is why “reductio ad absurdum” of modern philosophy is a regressive step with the binary decision trees built from notions of “Left” and “Right” factions are nonsense and are a danger to our own survival. The Quantum arguments currently exploited by “Modern Science” are but Binary semantics made into a religion, called “Scientism”. The rulers of our lives only require serfs not thinking individuals, who have, graduations of thought and experience where true diversity only exists when we are allowed to think freely.

Addition of Trinary

+ add + = +-

which is

1 + 1 = 2

+- add +- = ++

which is

2 + 2 = 4

so if “-” = -1


– add – = -+

which is

-1 + -1 = -2


-1 + 1 = 0 or 1 – 1 = 0

which is

– add + = 0

So a balanced ternary system is similar to the way we use electrical charge as well.

Here are the diagrams from my work, it will be included in my next volume “Talking To The Birds, Volume II”, coming soon, regards Arto.


May 9, 2021

The last two post were my personal dialog with Trinary procedures so I can start to create complex decision trees that can act in a intelligent and logical way. These are the beginnings into a natural engineered form of intelligence, I dare not say AI as these ideas are not artificial, they are natural only non living.

I went back to some of my work with the DG series of chips so I could make an interface board for the Led Matrix. I could design it with relays but decided that it would be great to see other options for Trinary design. Once mastered, an ALU would be the first step, maybe with many extra functions that binary ALU’s struggle to implement. I hope to add a Trinary version of Quantum Arithmetic built from these gates. (Not Quantum Mechanics)

The first hurdle to climb is to test the DG403.

The next is to define the Trinary gates required.

Then create a schematic and a PCB board

Here is the DG403 version of an TAND gate

****Warning**** everything here has not been tested, so I apologise for any errors.

I hope you enjoy my adventure, it has been a long, quite, happy and while being a lonely journey, it is never boring, excitement for the future is beyond any reward, regards Arto.

27 Unary Functions for Trinary Gates

May 6, 2021

After the last post I realised that I have not shown the 27 basic gates, here they are. As I said there are no off the shelf parts, this is not quite true, you can use analogue switches in a multiplexer to achieve the same results, more on that in my next volume. Regards Arto.

The 2 to 9 Decoder

May 4, 2021

The 2 to 9 Decoder

by Arto Juhani Heino (c) 2021

The completion of the trinary understanding in relays has been very rewarding, this is my first attempt at a trinary decoder chip version of the 3-8 decider 74138, where a 2-9 decoder TD2-9 is a trinary designed device that would also do the job. It could be fabricated with FETs and miniaturised so it fits onto existing chip boards.

As I see this as my first step into making useful and efficient circuitry based on trinary inputs and easily adapted to the standards in current use. I see great promise in adapting trinary systems to current binary as a step into integration. These ideas are adaptable and flexible to be used in some AI systems. even now.

The long dreamed idea of a trinary system was to advance understanding of natures logic and repair the mistakes made in the service of short gain which is full of hubris and greed. Current digital systems can be 256 wide, but not in most cases they run 64bit and 32bit subsystems even some 16 and 8 bit are in the mix, is all due to the through put required by graphic chips to reduce time lags and memory bottle necks with all that constraint issues.

These behemoth super computer systems are complex to design and control. let us look some maths.

Binary Trinary

0………+ 0 –
2 bit…….3 trit
4 bit…….9 trit
8 bit…….27 trit
16 bit…..81 trit
32 bit…..243 trit at this point we have reached beyond our current systems
64 bit…..729 trit
128 bit…2187 trit
256 bit…6561 trit
512 bit…19683 trit As you can see that 64bit computing is the norm at present and moving into 128bit at lighting pace. Where we could have reached 729 trit in the same time frame. imagine the 64bit super cellphone you hold in your hand would have been the norm in 1980’s. This is the amount of development retardation we were forced to endure due to short sightedness and unripe understanding of all the future issues at hand. This simple list shows one aspect, here the binary decoder version

Binary inputs and Binary outputs

So a 3 to 8 decoder has the trinary equivent of the 2 to 9 decoder, if we ueed 3 inputs we would arrive at 27 outputs, the advantages are simple.

Trinary Inputs and Trinary outputs
Trinary Inputs and Binary outputs
Binary Inputs and Binary outputs
Binary Inputs and Trinary outputs
2___9……..TD2-9 can also act like two of 4 bit dual level logic (2 Only gates make a Sure gate)

There are no off the shelf trinary chips to build useful devices from these decoders as yet.At this present form(very large relays) you could apply these trinary systems to AI of the grid system, where self regulation with the enviroment is required and not optional. As you are dealing with an Earth that has all three parts of the trinary logic, the Sky, the surface and Inner Earth, as ” + 0 – “. I have extended the understanding here to illustrate our well of energy we walk upon.

This diagram illustrates the relay design of the three different trinary gates you need here. You can make the relays a small or big as you need . Everything here is simple and easily built on you electronic bench, please feel free to use these gates in a project.

INC and DEC gates and a TAND gate

As now I have decided upon my choice of trinary AND gates, which there are a few, the TAND gates now lives amongst my circuit ideas. More decoders and encoder to be illustrated very soon.

TD2-9 Trinary Decoder

Here is the place this circuit will live, 2 of these to drive the 16 pin 8 x 8 led matrix (ADM-388C0). How simple is that, 4 trinary trits control 81 LED locations, 64 for the Matrix and 17 for other things.Regards Arto.

The Trinary Explorer Board

Tesla Coil 336366 – Part 2

April 8, 2021

I forgot to add this vital understanding of volume and surface area regarding Tesla coils.

First you must realise that Tesla placed a high premium on getting the resonant factors correct. That any amount of electricity has a definite number (be coulombs or esu or ?) and must be included in the overall design structure. When the resonant action has been instigated there is a transference of magnetic to electrostatic potentials and visa versa, this must be balanced and carefully considered. The impedance matching is of vital importance to this action but a secondary balance is the volumes and areas of each set of coils.

The exact parameters can be calculated and you can see by Tesla’s work in Colorado Springs, he realised that a short cylindrical coil can be better utilised than a long coil and a flat spiral is much more compact than any cylinder can be. These studies had revealed to Tesla a beautiful geometric design that cannot be improved any further, a very compact and portable unit that awaits a audience that has chosen to ignore his proclamations. Below is the coil I am talking about.

I have drawn up such a coil system, approx 400mm x 400mm x 200mm unit (approx), it unfolds and plugs into a power source (Tesla AC) and hopefully communicates to a clone at a preset short distance with losses. Not only voice/data but Energy as well (100 watts or so). The frequency was always too high to be of use in power transfer as the losses increased with the frequency.

Below are listed only my estimates by reading much data and personal experience.


Tesla system (no compromise).1 to 5…………………………..95 to 99

Radio system…………………………….99.9 to 100 0………………1 to 0.00001

High freq Tesla Flat……………………40……………………………….60

High freq Tesla Cyl……………………..60………………………………40

Low freq Tesla Flat…………………….15……………………………….85

Low freq Tesla Cyl……………………..30……………………………….70

So why did I design 336366 coil system using a traditional long cylinder? Simple, convenience and to prove to myself that the longitudinal velocity is the KEY to instant communication as Tesla suggested. Efficiency was not always the driving factor but the ease of material supply and a personal demand for longer wave lengths in a simple setup. The flat coil size became problematic in many ways, still I will go down that road again.

Coil…………………………………………………………..Volume and Area

Volume of Secondary………………………………0.0004 Cubic Mtrs

Surface Area of Secondary………………………0.796 Sqr Mtrs

MAX Volume of Primary…………………………..0.00068 Cubic Mtrs

MIN Volume of Primary……………………………0.000016 Cubic Mtrs

MAX Surface Area of Primary…………………..0.424 Sqr Mtrs

MIN Surface Area of Primary……………………0.01 Sqr Mtrs

Primary Volume at the design size…………..0.00045 Cubic Mtrs

Primary Surface Area at the design size…..0.285 Cubic Mtrs

What Turn…………………………………………………..14

What Area Secondary to Primary Equiv……..0.78 Sqr Mtrs

What Turn (beyond this design)…………………26

What Volume Secondary to Primary Equiv…0.0004 Cubic Mtrs

What Turn (very close )…………………………….13

I want to follow up with the real McCoy, in the not too distance future, regards Arto.

Tesla Coil 336366

March 26, 2021

As this is part of my chapter on Tesla Coils, I might as well fill you in. I had recently caught a stomach virus, not pleasant, it also gave me an ulcer. So while I was recovering, I decided try to finish one of my Tesla Coil designs.

I have been tentatively working on this Tesla Coil project for a few years(8 lol), specifically for Transmitting and Receiving, using 700 mtrs as a distance that needs to be crossed or a multiple of this, 1400, 2100, 2800 etc.

I figured that building from standard parts with a simple STL 3D prints with an accurate dimensional scheme we should get frequency matching accuracy due to the uniformity of the build.

Here is a TXT file, which is a couple of SCAD programs, that I have been translating my Tesla Coil Data to make a jig I can 3D print and put the main components of the Tesla Coil into a simple assemblage with some 3D parts.

1 x 1000mm of 110 tube
1 x 150/110 base connector
1 x 350 + mtrs of AWG 21 wire
1 x 16 mtrs of 1/4 copper tube
1 x 3Dcoil BaseL STL
1 x 3Dcoil BaseR STL
2 x 3Dcoil Base/edge Connector STL
1 x 100mm ball (Al, Cu) or (STL + Al foil)
1 x 4 point Switch Configuration Adapter STL
1 x 240v/15000v 60 ma Transformer
1 x Rotary Spark Gap 8″ dim + 12 protrusions at 400 RPM, makes 80 BPS
1 x Safety anti kick back system (protecting Mains & transformer)

Inductance of the Primary Coil will be from-
0.376 uH to 150.25 uH
I tap mine at 14.17386 turns which gives me
67.846873 uH
Capacitance for Primary Coil:
0.0033 uF
Voltage across Cap (max 30000):
21210 volts
Secondary DC resistance:

14.6647 Ohms

I chose:

Frequency = 336366.3513 hz
110 mm tube x 800 mm length of winding of secondary coil = 350 mtrs
The wave Length of The Longitudinal wave is different to EM wave
WL = V1 / ( Lw x 4 ) = 1400 mtrs
WL = V2 / F1 = 1400 mtrs

Consider an explosion, the shock wave is the longitudinal wave and the matter with splintered bits and fire is the transverse wave. Electricity has the same properties.

I use these formulae:

Ls = Secondary Coil Inductance
Lt = Secondary Coil Stray inductances + added adapter unit
Lst = Total inductance of Secondary Coil
Cs = Secondary Capacitance of Coil
Ct = Top Capacitance + stray Caps
Cst = Total Capacitance of Secondary Coil

Lp = Primary Coil Inductance
Lq = Primary Coil Stray inductances
Lpq = Total Inductance of Primary Coil
Cp = Primary Capacitance
Cq = Stray Capacitances of coil + adjuster
Cpq = Total Capacitance for the Primary coil

V1 = Electro Magnetic (Transverse Magnetic) Light Velocity (lagging)
V1 = 299792456
V1 = (Lw / 0.52324)^3 approx
V2 = Magneto Electric (Longitudinal Electrostatic) Velocity (leading)
V2 = V1 x pi / 2
V2 = 470912891.8272
V2 = 900000000 x 1 royal cubit (0.52324 mtrs)

  • note the different phase relationships between Voltage(electrostatics) and Amperage(magnetics) when you consider Power.
  • The Electrostatic Velocity leads Electromagnetism by pi/2. The only reason resonance occurs is the exchange from inner volume electro-magnetics running at Light velocity to outer surface electrostatics running at pi/2 times this, which is still proportional to the same amount of Energy. But the velocity is out by pi/2, allowing the circuit to breath.

E = 1/2 x (Cpq x Vp^2) = 0.5 x (0.00330 uF x 0.000001) x (21210 volts)^2
E = 1/2 x (Lpq x Ip^2) = 0.5 x (67.8468 uH x 0.000001) x (147.917 amps)^2
E = 1/2 x (Cst x Vs^2) = 0.5 x (15.5688 pf x 0.00000000001) x (308785 volts)^2
E = 1/2 x (Lst x Is^2) = 0.5 x (0.01438 H) x (10.16 Amps)^2
E = 0,74222 Joules
E = W * t

WL = Wave Length
Lw = Wire Length (I use 350 mtrs)

F1 = 1 / ( 2 x pi x sqrt( Lst x Cst )
F2 = 1 / ( 2 x pi x sqrt( Lpq x Cpq )
F3 = V2 / WL
F4 = (V1 / ( Lw x 4 )) x pi / 2
F5 = (V1 / WL ) x pi / 2
F6 = V2 / ( Lw x 4 )

WL = V2 / F1
V2 = V1 x pi / 2

Lst = Ls + Lt
Cst = Cs + Ct
Lpq = Lp + Lq
Cpq = Cp + Cq

These are the requirements

F1 = F2 = F3 = F4 = F5 = F6
WL = Lw x 4
Lst x Cst = Lpq x Cpq

Primary Coil Parametrics

Inductance per turn:
1 = 0.370488 uH
2 = 1.363580
3 = 2.918217
4 = 5.038095
5 = 7.750477
6 = 11.092889
7 = 15.107919
8 = 19.840884
9 = 25.338680
10 = 31.649171
11 = 38.820833
12` = 46.902557
13 = 55.943511
14 = 65.993060 14.17386 = 67.846855 uH
15 = 77.100714
16 = 89.316083
17 = 102.688860
18 = 117.268792
19 = 133.105676
20 = 150.249344

Q = XL / R
Q = 30000 / 15
My calculations show a secondary maximum Q of about 2000
Across my cap about 20000 volts
Q x V = 40,000,000 volts


The way I envisaged to switch over the 2 base Tesla designs was to just plug a unit into the side of the Tesla Coil Structure and it would be a matter of pulling a lever of setting a key switch to run in either mode.

I incorporated the Capacitance cavities so you could add more later, as you see by the ports P8 and P6 are their for that reason. P2 and P4 are there if you need to reduce your inductance by any degree by paralleling another wound inductor on a metal former. These ports allow you to experiment and modify as needed.

The main point of the Adaper unit was to make it as simple as plugging your HV-Transformer and Spark Gap into a simple 1/4″ set of bolts. Follow the instructions and all will work as planned.

I have drawn three different schematics, so you can see the simple logic I used for expansion into the real world by geometric means. The design of the two triangles was so the inductance is reduced by it opposing parallels.

My Thoughts

This is only theoretical but clearly plausible if air break down is not an issue while only on on minimum idle, the loaded system when doing work will reduce safely to about 300,000 volts and less.

Next Stage

The next part of the project will be setting up a transceiver system that can exchange energy between two points 700 mtrs apart, also at 700 times the number of wave lengths, losses must be calculated by trial and error. I am guessing safely over rough terrain about 4.9 km with acceptable losses (note – grid harmonics).


When needed, you can relay a transmission to further distances if the original signal degrades too far. You could possibly relay the Energy in Solar collectors that runs the Tesla coil and transmit it around the world, as the Earth spins, as the other relays they will start up the energy cycle again, then relay it to the next one. A continuous energy loop that is harnessing the Sun 24 hours a day. No wires, you would need 360 of these at 1 degree intervals, which is about 111 kms apart. This distance is no issue to a large well made Tesla Transmitter.

I hope you enjoy reading about this project I am still working on, regards Arto.

By the way here is the SCAD files, incomplete as yet, I will add it HERE later.

Tesla Coil Energy

January 9, 2021

Just a simple calculation of what sort of energy is in a resonant coil:

Here are the basic parameters:

R = 0.424 ohms (Wire)
L = 00934 henry (Coil)
C = 1466 pF (Capacitor)
V = 58 volts RMS

The resonant frequency
F = 1/(2xpixsqr(LxC)) = 43 Khz

The maximum amperage peak
I = Vs/R = 136.66 amps max

The root mean squared amperage
Irms = I x sqrt(2) = 96.638 amps RMS

The VA generator apparent power input required
VA = V x Irms = 5605 watts VA Rms

The inductive reactance
XL= 2xpixLxF = 2524.53 ohms

The capacitive reactance
XC= 1/(2xpixCxF) = 2524.53 ohms

The Quality of the Coil
Q = XL / R = 5948.65

The Voltage magnification of the coil
VL= XLxI = Q x V = 345022 volts RMS

The potential rise inside the Capacitor
VC= XCxI = 345022 volts RMS

Energy circulating in the Coil and the Capacitor
WL=1/2 x L x Irms^2 = 174.5 joules max
WC=1/2 x C x VC^2 = 174.5 joules max

The Resonant Condition

As you can see all the energy is continuously oscillating between the coil and the capacitor, or between the magnetic component of electricity and the electrostatic component of electricity. This energy can be expressed as watts and horse power as Tesla has done in his many articles, thus describing the massive movement of energy per second, allowing the reader to sense that it is a very powerful oscillator.

time = 1/frequency = 0.000023254 seconds

Watts = joules / time

Watts = 174.5 / 0.000023254

Watts = 7504699 watts

Horse Power = 7504699 / 745.697 = 10064 HP


The Hectic Memetic and the Poetic Noetic

September 15, 2018

The Hectic Memetic and the Poetic Noetic

by Arto Juhani Heino (c) 2018

As an Artist, I have given my best to simplify very complex human perceptions about the world around us, using a pencil or brush. The use of language lends itself to the same simplification where brevity and the use of poignant word choice can shorten a paragraph of verbosity to a sentence.

The “Meme” as it is understood by the current usage is just another tool for communication, something that requires a creative effort to master, thus becoming an Art-form. Whether the words and the picture compliment or contrast is one of those creative decisions, the words alone can carry the weight of the expression, saying this, it does require the creator to weigh the truth along with both sides of the argument, bias is easy to pick out also where the clarity of truth shines like a beacon.

There are success qualities of “Memes”, whether they can be understood by those who do not grasp the question, the statement or the argument is one of those qualifiers that must be tested by the anonymous reader of a Meme. Quite often a quote written by a historic figure is used to qualify its weight of a truth, not withstanding not all historic figures were correct or accurate in their line of argument.

Those who are affronted by a “Meme” have generally misunderstood the breath of its implication, where there seems to be an element of low IQ, lack of broad mindfulness, less life experience and a vested ideology to this misunderstanding. There are placards that espouse a rhetoric that are not memetic but rather a trope from an echo chamber of Marcuse/Alinsky type buzz words, all which have weak arguments that are generally biased towards an ethnic, tribal or ideological cause. Examples of poor understanding of created “Memes” are found in the slogans written by many political protesters in the Democratic or Socialist side.

One word or a name can be enough, peppered with poetic intent, to qualify. This is where I started my own journey of word play, which I called “Synthonyms”. Even a Meme has its own sets of Genre, by that we can begin to classify Memes just as we have every other art-form.

Let us see where this brings us in comparison to other art-forms, with examples of genre:

Art-form         Elements                      Genre

Painting          Figure                           Portrait

                         Landscape                   Historic scene

                         Portrait + Landscape Famous Figures and Battles

Writing           Fiction                          Novel

                         Non-Fiction                 Journalism

                         Historic Fiction           Fictionalized Journalism

Music              Vocal                            Folk

                         Instrumental               Quartet

                        Vocal + Instrument    Pop Song

Meme             Word                            Ambigram, Logo

                         Statement                    Placard, Slogan, Quote

                         Picture                         Cartoon

                         Word + Picture          Word Art

                         Statement + Picture                     Advertising

                         Word + Statement + Picture       Info graphic

My own explorations:

Synthonyms    Word meanings synthetically mixed with onomatopoeic words sounds – refer to my previous blogs.

Artext                 Conformed design rule base picture words as a synthetic hieroglyph. – refer to my previous blogs.

These were just a few general ideas on the validity of a well worn art-form.

Historic Meme

Artists as far back as Da Vinci have created Cartoons that express particular attire when describing those they wish to either be a target of satire or to a complimentary stature.

The caricature of prominent figures were the first form of cartoonish statement, that could be considered a basic Meme. Where the Artist would mimic an elephant or a pig for a rotund politician, or portray a weasel, rat or snake as those who bore ill will to the public good.

The newspaper page three cartoon was a very popular icon for at least 100 years and has only recently been retracted from most news print, leaving many of those Artists now without a platform of expression. They were allowed freedom of political scope as long as they were pinning a truth of some sort. Whereas now the cartoonist must tow the political left leaning byline or they are ostracized and without a job. Many cartoonists have decided to expand there audience and internet presence due to the politically correct climate.

So a meme is a collaboration and coordination of a few artistic, expressive and intellectual gravitas with a good dose of historic wisdom. The question remains, why is the EU trying to eliminate an Art-Form from our palette of human expressions? Regards Arto

Here are some different Meme types I have been working on recently.