Archive for the ‘Electronics’ Category

The Induction Computer Part 3

July 25, 2017

The Induction Computer – Part 3

by Arto Juhani Heino (c) 2017

From my last entry I hinted at a 555 relay emulation, I am not quite their yet, I am getting close though. Here is my current stage I am on at the present moment.

I needed an ALU to start things of, so I started on the Half-Adder as a building block, here is my iterations.

The next step is the Full-Adder and its first few iterations from Logic Gates.

Lastly I have included a simple idea of how some of these could be interpreted in the 3D world, more to come on this aspect in a future blog.

If your response is high enough, I will start a Patreon account and begin building the real thing, regards Arto.

The Induction Computer Part 2

July 8, 2017

The Induction Computer – Part 2

by Arto Juhani Heino (c) 2017

It looks like I am reinventing the wheel, minus valves and transistors, this work might even seem redundant to some of the techno-nerds. I assure you this is a step forward, there has been no time in the last 50 years that all those electronic enthusiasts have been able to simplify and create something without an official corporately designed IC package doing all your brain-work for you, leaving nothing for your own original imagination. I was very excited many years ago when many hobbyists made their own computers from discreet transistors and IC packages, while a few even made some relay ALUs.

While I thought of making my own CPU from relays but resisted, I first needed to create a new architecture that could incorporate an open 256 bit CPU and a Analog CPU  in one package, while still accessible enough to be built by hand. This was part of my goal, as the architecture had to be robust, to last 1000 years, the components were to be the built environment and the power to drive it should be available 24/7, sounds like a pipe dream of some mad scientist. I only dare to dream of its reality and decided to rediscover the simplicity and the basic technology to make it plausible. The idea of using stone to contain the complex logical matrix that can be accessed via simple interfaces is the final reality, the many steps to arrive at that outcome might outstrip my lifetime, still I will persist, as I cannot dismiss a vision that is clear and within the realms of possibility.

Enough of my machinations, here are some interesting and practically solved devolutions of known devices from my last posting. Here is a FlipFlop made from two relay NAND gates.

While the idea of a Operational Amplifier kept me awake for a night of two, I hope to emulate a 555 IC chip from my work here, just in time to compete a chapter in my Volume II.

This version should satisfy many of its Integrated Chip operations, still it is a crude and very fundamental design, useful to be expanded upon with a bit more work. I must repeat, I am not an electrical engineer and I have no degree from any University, I  am truly a ground up natural scientist, where my tenets of understanding come from a life time of artistic creativity with careful observations and practical applications. I hope those who are interested can learn much from my ideas. Regards Arto.

 

The Induction Computer

July 1, 2017

The Induction Computer

by Arto Juhani Heino (c) 2017

Here are some interesting combinations using relays as logic gates, which was where I began this first step into the Induction Computer.

As you can see I have “single relays” and “double pole relays” and “Latch relays”, an old technology that goes back to the beginnings of the study of electromagnetism in the 1800’s. My studies into remnant magnetism of different materials, brought me into an understanding of natural rocks and the possibility of using either “Granite”, other rocks or even a poured casting as a magnetically imprinted “Logic Matrix Array”, storing functions, complex procedures, information and even pictures, videos and music.

In the Voltage Multiplier I have even eliminated any semiconductors, even diodes and batteries, while only using coils, capacitors, magnets and relay operations. You can see my process of elimination and the final schematic being without any high tech micro components.

There are a few parts to make the whole system function, here are some of the descriptions for the Voltage Multiplier.

The Slab that must have
1 Remnant Magnetism within permissible limits
2 Flat Surface, possibly engraved for descriptive and functional reasoning
3 Location keys for Imprinter and Reader

The Matrix Imprinter
1 Magnetic Array
2 Electromagnetic Array
3 Reset and Wipe function

The Induction Reader
1 Layered Switch Array
2 Geometric Coil Matrix
3 External Switches/Buttons and Levers/Handles arced or rotary

Physical Actions of Operator
1 Generate Voltage
2 Instigate Switch Operations
3 Discharge to external device

As this blog article is only to describe some of my work, it is not the whole article, that you will find in my next volume of “Talking To The Birds” Volume II. If the interest in these ideas are popular, I would consider a FundMe or Patreon profile and begin the arduous progress of a working system , regards Arto.

The Democracy of Battery Charging

May 17, 2015

by Arto Juhani Heino (c) 2015

(This is still in a preliminary stage of writing for a chapter in my next Volume, please excuse any errors)

I originally chose to call it “The Battery Charging Switching Method (BCSM)”, but due to a clear reasoning I renamed it. Each battery in turn is used to power the load and all the differences between batteries are constantly harmonized and balanced while using the differences as outputs for creative applications. Now if we could only run a real government using these principals we really would have something happily called democracy, at the moment what they call democracy is a painted mask hiding the oligarchs who glean there riches from the public under the guise of true government. This is the same as using willing slaves to turn the cranks of generators to power the load of one single machine that return no excess power back to the prime movers energy stores, to help recharge them, just in case the prime movers decide to build up its own energy reserves and maybe divert any excess to improving efficiency and lower the cost of distribution, this is pure heresy to the pyramidal control structure.

I was fascinated by the announcement back in the 90’s of a Tesla Switch, I decided to investigate, I found no credible source for the name Tesla for this scheme anywhere, so I dismissed the title and looked at the circuit. First I noticed the whole scheme needed either a mechanical , rotary or electronic driving mechanism, so the switching had to use power to activate. Secondly I noticed the load connections had some problem with the simple fact that the use of polarized capacitors in a possible oscillating system, this was interesting as the load was connected to the negative rail on both capacitors. Ignoring these issues, I had to stretch my imagination to include differentials of polarizations on either side of the system might account for a charge pushing through the load. Yes I could see if you swapped the batteries from 12v single to 12v parallel you would develop a differential if either battery was not exactly equal in charge, this was the first inkling that this was not completely bogus.

I began analyzing this simple switching system and found this as my first breakdown.

Tesla Switch (Brandt)

It looks like the original switching scheme was meant to drive a load between two earth rails, as this is not a design that would be advantageous to the whole idea of recharging the batteries and drive a load, I would need to see if the charging battery idea is worthy of its implication as scheme of merit.

Here I have the switching idea of Benitiz, and I must say his understanding of this is worthy of his patent.

Benitiz Battery Charger

As you can witness, Benitiz’s idea that by a simply putting 2 batteries in series and 2 batteries in parallel is a way of increasing the voltage in the parallel set 12v with the higher 24v of the series set, where the amperage capability has increased with the parallel set and with the difference in potential increased in the series set while and the internal resistance has been reduced in parallel and increased in series. Let us break this down into different types of analogs:

Audio frequency of tubes

– The resonant frequency decreases when two pipes are in series, where air current flow capability is the same and decreases due to greater frictional surface area
– The resonant frequency stays the same when two pipes are in parallel, where air current flow capability increases with the resistance also reduced as the volume increases greater than the resistive surface area.

In this case, the parallel system will develop a greater differential and an increase of air current volume, which could be translated into an volume flow transducers, thus moving energy out of the system by a translational device.
The parallel system uses a longitudinal pressure wave where the volume increase in the direction of flow and there is also resistance against the body of the tube which has greater increases in the serial version and is due to the surface area in contact with the vibrating air.

Sound - Series Parallel

Pressure of water in tubes connected

– Pressure increases when two pipes are in series (elevation differential), where water current flow rate capability decreases and greater frictional surface area decreases the flow
– Pressure stays the same in parallel, where current flow capability increases

In this case, the parallel system will develop a smaller differential but an increase of water current volume, which could be translated into an volume flow transducers, thus moving energy out of the system by a translational device.
The parallel system uses a pressure bow where the volume increase in the direction of flow and there is also resistance against the body of the pipe which has greater increases in the serial version and is due to the greater surface area in contact with the water.

Water- Series Parallel
EMF of Batteries in Series and Parallel

Battery Circuits
Circuit 1 – Batteries in Series

The current Ig through the resistance R3 in circuit 1

If

V = I x R
and
I = V / R

Then

V = EMF1 + EMF2 = I x R

When you have resistors in series you add the values together:

Thus

EMF1 + EMF2 = Ig x (R1 + R2 + R3)

Then

Ig = (EMF1 + EMF2) / (R1 + R2 + R3)

Example1:

If

R1 = 270 ohms
R2 = 230 ohms
R3 = 940 ohms
EMF1 = 12 volts
EMF2 = 3 volts

Therefore

Ig = (12 + 3) / (270+230+940) = 15 / 1440 = 0.0104166 Amps

Example2:

If

R1 = 2.7 ohms
R2 = 2.3 ohms
R3 = 9.4 ohms
EMF1 = 12 volts
EMF2 = 4 volts

Therefore

Ig = (12 + 4) / (2.7+2.3+7.5) = 16 / 12.5 = 1.28 Amps

Circuit 1b – Batteries in Parallel , End Load

Using Kirchoff’s Loop Rule

Where all possible loops that are valid can circulate
Loop 1 = b -> a -> x < -c <- d (This Loop is incomplete)

This is an unusual combination, even though EMF11 will become in equilibrium with EMF12, the actual load is a bridge conductor. This mean this load will in fact function but of a very small current differential.

Example 1a:

If

R11 = 3 ohm
R12 = 3 ohm
R13 = 8 ohm
EMF11 = 12 volts
EMF12 = 11.75 volts

Ih = R11 / EMF11
= 3 / 12
= 0.25

Ij = R12 / EMF12
= 3 / 11.75
= 0.255319

Thus the current in the load is

Iload = Ij – Ih
= 0.05319

by deduction we can also say

R13 = EMF13 / Iload

rearranging

EMF13 = R 13 x Iload
= 8 x 0.05319
= 0.04255 volts

This easily shows Kirchoff ‘s loop rule must also include the loops that arrive from two sources that are not the same, allowing a current to flow due to the nature of unequal equipotentials. This means we must first show the currents of each half loop then by subtraction leaving the differential, which should also be divided by 2 because the current will share the remainder with both current sources.

This also means that an additional Law must be applied to resolve this type of differential loop.

The Third Law – Only implies the incomplete differential loops.

Ij – Ih – ( EMF13/R13 ) = 0                Eq0

Circuit 2 – Batteries in Parallel

Using Kirchoff’s Loop Rule

Where all possible loops that are valid can circulate

Loop 1 = a -> d -> e -> f then back to a (This Loop is invalid)
Loop 2 = a -> b -> c -> d then back to a
Loop 3 = a -> b -> c -> d -> e -> f then back to a

The First Law

Ic – Ib – Ia = 0                                  Eq1

The Second Law

This implies to Loop2

EMF4 – ( R6 x Ic) – (R5 x Ib) = 0        Eq2

This implies to Loop3

EMF3 – ( R4 x Ia) – (R6 x Ic) = 0         Eq3

and rearranging Eq2

EMF4 – ( R6 x Ic) = (R5 x Ib) = EMF5
EMF4 – ( R5 x Ib) = (R6 x Ic) = EMF6
EMF4 = (R5 x Ib) + (R6 x Ic)

and rearranging Eq3

EMF3 – ( R4 x Ia) = (R6 x Ic) = EMF7
EMF3 – ( R6 x Ic) = (R4 x Ia) = EMF8
EMF3 = ( R4 x Ia) + (R6 x Ic)

Also rearranging Eq1

Ic = Ia + Ib

There are 2 current branches

if

Ia = EMF3 – EMF6 / R4

and

Ib = EMF4 – EMF6 / R4

Thus

Ic = (EMF3 – EMF6 / R4) + (EMF4 – EMF6) / R5)

To conclude

if

R5 = R4

then

EMF3 = EMF4

Then

Ic = (2 x EMF3 – 2 x EMF6) / R4

Then

Ic * R4 = 2 x EMF3 – 2 x EMF6
R4 = (2 x EMF3 – 2 x EMF6) / Ic

then

R4 = ((2 x EMF3)/ Ic) – (2 x R6)
(2 x EMF3)/Ic = R4 + 2 x R6
2 x EMF3 = Ic x (R4 + 2 x R6)
Ic = 2 x EMF3 / (R4 + 2 x R6)

and

Ic = 2 x EMF3 / (R4 + 2 x R6)

Also for the invalid loop1 we must use Eq1 to see what differential circulates between these 2 EMF’s, you will have to include another load R45 between R4 and R5 at e and d.

If using the 3rd law

Ia – Ib – ( EMF34/R45 ) = 0               Eq0

then

Iload = Ia – Ib

and

EMF34 = R45 x Iload

This can now be treated as an additional EMF depending on the direction of current, eg if Ia>Ib or Ib>Ia.

Example3:

EMF3 = 12 V
EMF4 = 9 V
R4 = 100 ohms
R5 = 50 ohms
R6 = 2500 ohms
Ia = 0.0213579 amps
Ib = – 0.0173684 amps
Ic = Ia + Ib = 0.0394737 amps             Eq1
EMF4 – ( R6 x Ic) = (R5 x Ib) = EMF5
9 – (2500 x Ic) = 50 x Ib

rearrange then
Ib = (9 – (2500 x Ic)) / 50

Also if
EMF4 = (R5 x Ib) + (R6 x Ic)
= (50 x Ib) + (2500 x Ic)
= 9 volts

EMF4 – ( R5 x Ib) = (R6 x Ic) = EMF6
9 – (50 x Ib) = 2500 x Ic

Rearrange then
Ic = (9 – (50 x Ib)) / 2500
then by Eq1
Ia + Ib = (9 – (50 x Ib)) / 2500
Rearrange then
Ia = (9 – (50 x Ib)) / 2500) – Ib

and rearranging Eq3

EMF3 – ( R4 x Ia) = (R6 x Ic) = EMF7
12 – (100 x Ia) = 2500 x Ic

Rearrange then
Ic = (12 – (100 x Ia)) / 2500
then by Eq1
Ia + Ib = (12 – (100 x Ia)) / 2500
Rearrange then
Ib = (12 – (100 x Ia)) / 2500) – Ia

EMF3 – ( R6 x Ic) = (R4 x Ia) = EMF8
12 – (2500 x Ic) = 100 x Ia

Rearrange then

Ia = (12 – (2500 x Ic)) / 100
then by Eq1
Ic – Ib = (12 – (2500 x Ic)) / 100
Rearrange then
Ib = -1 x ((12 – (2500 x Ic)) / 100) – Ic)

Also if
EMF3 = ( R4 x Ia) + (R6 x Ic)
= (100 x Ia) +(2500 x Ic)
= 12 volts

The power dissipated by R3 for circuit 1

Example4:
if

EMF1 = 12 V
EMF2 = 12 V
R1 = 100 ohms
R2 = 50 ohms
R3 = 2500 ohms

and if Power is Pa

Pa = I^2 x R

and I is

Ia = (EMF1 + EMF2) / (R1 + R2 + R3)
= 0.0090566

So

Pa = [(EMF1 + EMF2) / (R1 + R2 + R3)]^2 x R3

The power dissipated of R3 using values
Solution:

Pa = [(EMF1 + EMF2) / (R1 + R2 + R3]^2 x R2
= [( 12 + 12 ) / (100 + 50 + 2500)]^2 * 2500
= [24 / 2650]^2 * 2500
= 0.205
Example5:

If

EMF1 = 12 V
EMF2 = 12 V
R1 = 100 ohms
R2 = 100 ohms
R3 = 200 ohms
R4 = 200 ohms
R5 = 200 ohms
R6 = 200 ohms

For what ratio of R1 and R2 would power dissipated by the resistor of resistance R2 be the same for circuit A and circuit B?

As long as the voltage and current are the same, the power will be the same if the resistors are equal. So the answer is, so long as:

If

EMF1 = EMF2 = EMF3 = EMF4

and

(R1 + R2) / R3 = 1                                                       Eq4
[(R4 x R5)/( R4 + R5)]/ R6 = 1                                      Eq5

Circuit 3 – Batteries in Series and Parallel

Using Kirchoff’s Loop Rule

Where all possible loops that are valid and can circulate

Loop 1 = a -> d -> e -> f then back to a
Loop 2 = a -> b -> c -> d then back to a
Loop 3 = a -> b -> c -> d -> e -> f then back to a

The First Law

Id – Ie – If = 0                                                         Eq6 4

The Second Law

This implies to Loop1

EMF9 – EMF10 – ( R8 x Ie) – (R7 x Id) = 0                 Eq7 5

This implies to Loop2

EMF10 – ( R9 x If) – (R8 x Ie) = 0                              Eq8 6

This implies to Loop3

EMF9 – ( R9 x If) – (R7 x Id) = 0                                Eq9 7

DemocracyBatt3a
When 2 batteries are put in parallel they will try to equalize the total charge that is available, thus a 11v connected to a 13v theoretically should equalize to 12v. This is the technology of of Ron Brant and others, where battery switching technology is not a mysterious or esoteric topic in engineering as it may seem, but due its uncommon applications it has developed in to a wild “free energy from the vacuum” cult following. This has happened over a 30 year period, saying this, it is still an interesting and unexplored territory and should be given some credence to evaluate possible parametric additions to the flow rate between these cells. This is where Kirchoffs invalid current loops become valid which now can be translated to include another branch that can be added from an outside environmental circuit, regardless if the basic layout are completely valid, thus giving a perfectly reasonable validation for external energy coupling. The anomalous readings that the researchers sometimes encounters when making experimental circuits can easily be included as differential current movements, this sometimes happens in some simple circuits when the environment has EMF leakage currents that circulate from power systems, through bad earths or inductive couplings when metal components contain eddy currents.
So when Tesla made his simple and accurate discovery that “all energy is received from the external environment”, it becomes validated once again. Thanks for reading regards Arto.

Quadrifilar Coil

November 17, 2014

As I am editing my second edition of volume one and the second volume, I am finding small errors that need to be corrected. The picture on my blog Multifilar can easily be replaced, but my book has been in print for a year, so I am including the file replacement and an additional file that will be in my second volume. The second picture has a very important visual aid for those who are designing transformers or resonant circuits, it has the layout so you can see the mutual inductance of each winding, a very simple but effective aid.

Here is the replacement file:

Quadri Filar Coil options V#2Here is the additional file:

Quadrifilar Mutual Coils

 

Tesla Coil Conversations

April 4, 2014

Tesla Coil Conversations

by Arto Juhani Heino (c) 2014

Memories of Tesla and 1000 other coils

Arto and Fred standing in front of a Large Cylindrical Tesla Coil, in the workshop and home laboratory of Arto Heino:

Arto: “Stick your hand in at the base of that big Tesla coil and tell me if the voltage is big”, he said while grinning wryly.
Fred: “No way man, I can see the high voltage at the top, which means I might die, because it is the current that kills”, jumps back while he exclaims, being puzzled by his own instinctive understanding.
Arto: “Well said, how did you figure that out?”
Fred: “Just hanging around you, by watching how you avoid touching the primary and any part down at the base of the coil”

He looks around the workshop and sees lots of different balls sizes and some toroids, he can see that they attach to the top of the Tesla coil.

Fred: “Why have you got that ball on top?”
Arto: “To store the reactive charge into the dielectric around the ball while the dielectric component is reflected at the anti-node and will be transformed back to the magnetic component at the base which is reflected by the node, all this happens during each cycle at its natural frequency and is the due to it’s standing wave resonant structure, which relates to the length of the wire being the quarter of the wave length of its natural frequency, while also adhering to the balance of two components the inductive which is the magnetic component and the capacitive which is the dielectric component at the same frequency,”
Arto: “To simplify they act as polar opposites both have reflections at the opposite node, Magnetic/Node, Dielectric/Anti-node, so simple no complicated explanation necessary. This sort of knowledge makes theoretical and mathematical people nervous.”
Fred: “Wow that changes a my way of thinking, they never told me that at school”
Arto: “I understand, sometimes understanding something is not easy, you have to be able to fail and disappoint yourself to get past those prejudices”

Now they are standing in front of a bench with lots of coils, capacitors and power supplies:

Fred: “What’s with that other coil, there is no sparks or ball?”
Arto: “Oh that is a half-wave system, that doesn’t use a reactive transformation like the Tesla Coil. It just swaps between the Voltage/Current transform, but in a nodal resonant fashion, by the length of the wire being half the length of the wave length of its natural frequency.”

Fred points to another fancy coil on the bench:

Fred: “That one their has a ball at either end, and a thick primary in the center.”
Arto: “That is another half wave system, but this one also has capacitive reactive exchanges at either end, it acts like two Tesla coils joined at the base.”

Fred walks over and flicks the switch that is labelled “LC circuit”.

Fred: “Then what’s this other one here, it has a Capacitor and Coil, but it sparks are small”
Arto: “That is similar to the Big Tesla Coil, but it only resonates between the reactive components not the nodal structure, the wire length only relates to the amount of turns and an increase in inductance”
Fred: “Oh so you are saying that resonance can be number of exchange devices”

Fred picks up a long cylindrical neon tube and walks over to the Tesla coil:

Fred: “Check out that Neon light when you bring it to the top of the coil”
Arto: “Yes, that is the high charge density around the top capacitance, it affects the neon inside the tube and makes it fluoresce, that’s why they call it a florescent tube”
Fred: “The light is not bright down here”
Arto: “That is because the alternating magnetic component does not affect the neon in the tube, and the dielectric charge density is low just like the voltage but having said that the current density is high”

Now they are standing in front of a industrial neon light fitting, using a multimeter:

Fred: “How come when I measure the small neon transformer here it only shows 120 volts”
Arto: “That’s the voltage just to maintain the florescent activity in the tube, the ignition circuit starts the florescence and is part of the same transformer, it just creates a inductive high voltage charge when the starter switches”

“It is not hard to teach people to look but its takes a lifetime to educate those to see.” – Arto Heino

This could be one  my last post on WordPress, due to slow sales of my book and lack of support for my work, I will be moving my previous posts and they will be only available as PDFs, sorry I given a lot of my work for free and do not know if I can continue with this blog, good luck to all the experimenters and researchers. Regards Arto.

Tesla’s Art of Individualization

March 22, 2014

Here is a link to my PDF file for my first draft of Tesla’s  Art of Individualization. Please consider a small donation so I can keep writing these types of articles, Regards Arto.

TeslaRecAndGate2aP1bArt-o-fIndavidual1

Donate via PayPal

 

 

Resonant LC Parameter Chart

March 20, 2014

Having worked on many types of resonant systems over the years(electrical, mechanical, acoustic), this chart is very useful to get a intuitive grasp on the some of the parameters and values needed for a basic LC (inductor, capacitor) electrical resonant system. It covers 100 Mhz to 1 Khz, I hope you find it useful, regards Arto.

I hope you consider, purchasing a copy of my book, so I can continue to create content like the one above, Regards Arto

Here is the press release and interview with Adam Bull.  https://artojh.wordpress.com/2013/12/14/live-interview/

Tesla Article 1934

March 1, 2014

I actually own a copy of the magazine Modern Mechanix and Invention, July 1934. This great magazine has the article that has been many times around the internet but as a poor resolution scan. I have rescanned these 6 pages so you can enjoy them as clear copies. I did these a while ago, so excuse the misalignments, also the paper is yellowing and the spine is raggedy. Please enjoy, regards Arto.

MMXcover1a

This is the PDF file if you want to download it : ModernMech-1934-Tesla

Magic Square Coil Technology

June 5, 2013

I have decided to make a new blog rather than updating an older one, refer to https://artojh.wordpress.com/2012/08/24/multi-filar-coils/. I would like to thank Andy, he  has prompted me to finish my chapter on coil geometry, with a new heading of Magic Square Coil Form. Back in 1996 I was working hard on winding many stator coils for the Robert Adams pulse motor designs, when I realized the few coils I wound in bifilar geometries seem to function with non linear results. This is when I discovered the varieties of subtle refinements that could be engineered into a basic system, that can give  measurable increments of control over the energy storage of the coil while it is pulsed.

Estored =1/2 * L* I^2 = Energy in Joules stored in the Inductance

Estored = 1/2 * C * V^2 = Energy in Joules stored in the Capacitance

I chose the Magic Square of Four as the prototype for the coils design, refer to the first diagram that reveals my logic in a simplified form. The left stator coil is the left half of the Magic Square, this is how magic squares work mirror reflections that balance the numeric relationships to create harmony, where the wiring is now the pathways that have both Inductance and Capacitance is the same internal geometry as  a magic square, the right stator is now the right side of the magic square.

AdamsCoilsc3

To understand the significance of creating chaotic systems that the outcomes  cannot be easily predicted, is to look into the heart of a living organism. The number of square four arrangements  available to the constructor becomes 880  basic Magic Square Four patterns.  If you expand the system you could have 4 coils each with a complete magic square arrangement giving you millions of 880 combinations. The design parameters can be expanded to include odd squares and  very large magic squares. The coils could also be split into the columns and rows giving you say 5 coils each with a in 5 and out 5 winding scheme, this will give you 25 separate wires that give you a square 5 arrangement.

The main criteria for any success is to keep all wires coming from the stators the same length and short as possible, a circuit board design would keep any stray Inductance and Capacitance to a minimum. A small circuit board could be at both ends of the stator with holes matching the wire ends and another attached between the stators, where you could mount a patch board or a special wire coil arrangement that Andy suggested. The environmental energy that exists in a chaotic form surrounds every object, a tumult of electrostatic, EM radiation , heat, dielectric charge fields and magnetism, this energy is not available to be absorbed into the circuit unless we can create a couple to its random behavior, and make a gate so the circuit can make use of it. This is the basis of a natural system based on natures gift to humanity Magic Squares, they are but discoveries of a natural system of numbers that can be translated in many different ways. The chaotic nature of magic squares gives you the invisible harmonic coupling  that needs to exist in a cyclic  system of energy exchange, the gating can now be engineered in the form of magic squares.

Here are the latest additions to help those who want to explore unknown territory. Regards Arto

AdamsCoilsd4

This next diagram should help you expand the possibilities of the simple methods I have inaugurated .

MultiFilarFlatCoilMagic1I will update this blog with any new information and tests. Regards Arto

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1876406038/ref=as_li_qf_sp_asin_il_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=1876406038&linkCode=as2&tag=artosrend-20