The mistakes of understanding the resonant Tesla Transformer has led a lot of engineers into adopting the very equations that deny a workable transmission system. If you build a Tesla coil that creates big sparks, then have only understood a system for spark creation, if you have built it and there is no spark then you have either failed or succeeded in your attempt. This is the conundrum of a true Tesla system, the correctly sized top load will balance out the resonant system and the high voltage transform will not leak and become transformed back into high current by the balanced reactances. The act of the resonance will be dampen by the resistances in the system, only by adding a little more power per cycle you have a continuous resonant structure, which is the heart of a good Tesla Transformer system.
To create large sparks you must allow the streamers to escape, to do this it is essential to do two things first make a sharp breakout point, secondly you must lower the top load capacity gradually until your goal is achieved. However this is not the purpose of a Telsa Transmission system, it is the opposite of sparking, a good system will not have any breakout points, you must maintain a contained and smooth voltage gradient on the surface of your capacitor.
Power factor correction is the term used by all electrical engineers, to Nikola Tesla this was just a normal part of the his system to allow maximum power flow and not have a voltage and amperage out of phase condition, good power flow requires a 90 degree lag and lead situation. This was ok in the first part of a Tesla coil system, Mains step up transformer for the first 2 coils in the ratio of 1:50 = 240-12000, then the high voltage Tesla transformer coils in the ratio of 1:20 = 12000-240000, added magnifier coil 1:4 = 240000-960000 volts. If at each step you ensure a least resistance and the electrostaticaly contained condition is maintained you can guarantee good results. Some of the conditions that need to be met are as follows;
1. No sharp points to cause ionizing
2. Large curvature of surface conductors
3. No large objects nearby to cause inductive capacitive effects
4. Well insulated lead in conductors
5. Magnetically shielded switching system
6. Well sealed and mounted components
I have been working on a number of coil systems over the years, success is always proceeded by learning curves that are the essence of discovery. Much work can be saved by a small number of calculations, guess work is not a road for designers of electronics, this doesn’t mean you cannot experiment on unknown arrangements, its just that your components can only handle what their designed for or you will cook and blow a lot of your hard work away.
I am releasing my basic design of my Tesla Power Transceiver System. The energy that is being transmitted and received is not the of the Electromagnetic Transverse wave variety so a lot of Radio theory stuff is not needed, the Magneto-dielectric Longitudinal wave is what is utilized. I have tested smaller designs with success and have no problem with its conception, I was aware of this type of wave back in the early 70′s when I was building radio circuits and making my own antennas. When I rediscovered Tesla in the 1980′s and found the work of Eric Dollard, I was happy in my understanding of these Longitudinal waves. As I am a musician, I had no trouble in knowing about longitudinal wave harmonics and its analogue in sound waves.
I have Included the two types of Velocity in the design, for success in this process you must utilize the Tesla Velocity wave as the Velocity of light only relates to the Electromagnetic wave. As you can see in all the parameters only the Primary capacitor and the Toroids are of different value when you use the Tesla Velocity wave. All the pipe sizes are standard PVC drain pipe and should be available, remember this is only a preliminarily draft design, not all the parameters have been analyzed for optimal use. Build at your own risk, more info in my book “Talking To The Birds”, now available at Amazon.com, Good luck Regards Arto.